ENGLISH TRANSLATION: The Pope Speaks, 7 (April, 1962), 295-343. 60. The nations, therefore, must work with each other for their mutual development and perfection. Pope John XXIII issued eight Papal Encyclicals during his five-year reign as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, from his election on October 28, 1958 until his death on June 3, 1963. (42). 204. This development in the social life of man is at once a symptom and a cause of the growing intervention of the State, even in matters which are of intimate concern to the individual, hence of great importance and not devoid of risk. (54) "All whatsoever you do in word or in work, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, giving thanks to God and the Father by him." They are living in close harmony with Natureâthe majestic temple of Creation. 29. 118. 79. Those who live on the land can hardly fail to appreciate the nobility of the work they are called upon to do. 148. (47), The Enduring Validity of the Church's Social Teaching. In short, it should be a policy designed to promote useful employment, enterprising initiative, and the exploitation of local resources. It must be determined in accordance with justice and equity; which means that workers must be paid a wage which allows them to live a truly human life and to fulfill their family obligations in a worthy manner. Justice is to be observed not only in the distribution of wealth, but also in regard to the conditions in which men are engaged in producing this wealth. But if we hold to a human and Christian concept of man and the family, we are bound to consider as an ideal that form of enterprise which is modelled on the basis of a community of persons working together for the advancement of their mutual interests in accordance with the principles of justice and Christian teaching. As Pius XII remarked, "the economic and social function which every man aspires to fulfil, demands that the carrying on of the activity of each one is not completely subjected to the others." 211. It brings into its service many branches of engineering, chemistry and biology, and is itself a cause of the continued practical development of these sciences in view of the repercussions of scientific and technical progress on the business of farming. The effect of all this is to make the modern man more deeply aware of his own limitations, and to create in him a striving for spiritual values. But it is also an era which offers to those who work with the Church immense possibilities in the field of the apostolate. ENCYCLICAL OF POPE JOHN XXIIION CHRISTIANITY AND SOCIAL PROGRESS. 104. This must take into account tax policies, credit, social insurance, prices, the fostering of ancillary industries and the adjustment of the structure of farming as a business enterprise. Mosaic of Pope John XXIII in the Basilica of Saint Paul. For "charity is patient, is kind; charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely, is not puffed up, is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil; rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth; beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things." It should ensure that the less developed areas receive such essential public services as their circumstances require, in order to bring the standard of living in these areas into line with the national average. 18. These are very necessary if farm workers are to benefit from scientific and technical methods of production and protect the prices of their products. For although many unjust and inhuman economic and social imbalances still exist in our day, and there are still many errors affecting the activity, aims, structure and operation of economies the world over, it is an undeniable fact that, thanks to the driving impulse of scientific and technical advance, productive systems are today rapidly becoming more modernized and efficientâmore so than ever before.
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