UNIDENTIFIED: And I want you people to stick together. They’re going to come back.” And so they were planning. Can you talk about that? “The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution” would make a fine double feature with 2012’s “The Black Power Mixtape.” That film stunned me, leaving my mind racing with thoughts and ideas. None of the platform demands are outrageous nor unusual. I want to begin in Austin with Robert King and Albert Woodfox. Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the organization as a way to combat police brutality and oppression. Now, was he insane? WAYNE PHARR: I felt free. Odie "Odienator" Henderson has spent over 33 years working in Information Technology. That can be dangerous, especially against the United States government.”. A news story comes out. It became the Black Panther Party. I couldn’t get there. AMY GOODMAN: Stanley Nelson, you’ve done a documentary on the Freedom Riders, on Freedom Summer. AMY GOODMAN: Albert Woodfox, speaking on Democracy Now! KATHLEEN CLEAVER: U.S. He was released in 2001 after his conviction was overturned. STANLEY NELSON: Yeah, one of the most amazing things about this shooting—I can’t even say shootout, because the Panthers didn’t fire a shot—is—. After serving 33 years in state and federal prison, he was released in November of 2014. So, for me, it’s just about learning how to live as a free person and just take my time. I began by asking Stanley Nelson why he’s now drawn to making a film about the Black Panther Party. And then they—after tear gas canisters are set to—started to burn in the basement, they decided to surrender. STANLEY NELSON: Well, I think it’s a different strategy. It was about housing. And they used the Second Amendment to great effect by blatantly carrying loaded guns in a state that had an open carry law. Don't worry, we'll never share or sell your information. It has only been a week since the unfolding events in ‘Captain America: Civil War.’ Wakanda, to … And when the police jumped out to make a stop, they would jump out behind the police, and with their guns drawn, and stand a little ways back, and with their guns drawn, and make sure that no brutality or violence occurred on the part of the police. Arnold' Eugene DOB: 12129149. KATHLEEN CLEAVER: There was an incident in October of 1967 when he was confronted by a policeman, an Oakland policeman. We’re starting with Michael Klonsky. He pretty much has immunity; he can do whatever he wants. And he was taking this delegation, and he told the Koreans, “I can’t leave my wife here all this time,” until they said, “Oh, we will organize it.” And they invited—the Korean Women’s Union invited me to come to North Korea. For a growing resource list with information on where you can donate, connect with activists, learn more about the protests, and find anti-racism reading, click here. We host an historic roundtable with four former Black Panthers who served decades in prison, beginning with two former members of the Angola Three who formed one of the first Black Panther chapters in a prison. How do they compare in their strategy? They absolutely wanted this organization to be destroyed. They never asked us any questions in the beginning. He’s fighting for some of the same causes we’re fighting for. You know, what happens at the end of Freedom Summer is, at the Democratic National Convention, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party is defeated, you know, in kind of an underhanded way by Lyndon Johnson and his forces. So you know there’s something wrong, but people didn’t know what. AMY GOODMAN: In your picture, and did he inspire you? We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. How are you doing now? He would go on to run for mayor of Oakland. STANLEY NELSON: So, the Panthers are patrolling the police. He did believe this. I could be in this revolution. That was it. He was later involved in the Black Liberation Army. And the newspaper just glorified him. You understand? And when he went back to California, we were in love, and he wanted me to come and visit him. “I don’t think we understood how insidious their plan actually was.” The damaging elements of human nature turned out to be J. Edgar Hoover’s biggest ally. AMY GOODMAN: This is a clip from The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution. I was a free Negro. And then, you know, as a filmmaker, there’s always more than one reason why you want to make a film. As their efforts drew media attention, the movement grew nationally, and chapters formed in dozens of other cities. AMY GOODMAN: How did King, Dr. Martin Luther King, fit into this picture? Well, that wasn’t really a message that a lot of young people cared for. And so, when the Black Panthers came out and started talking about self-defense, droves and droves of young people wanted to do that. He walked out with his hands up, and he was shot immediately. David Hilliard was under a bed. KATHLEEN CLEAVER: And there was no question he was murdered. There was a policeman who was willing to testify that he was murdered. KATHLEEN CLEAVER: —Robert Kennedy in Los Angeles. The Lumpen was the Black Panthers’ very own house band. As Newton and others explain their methods to prevent undue violence during arrests, Nelson alternates between their words and those of Ray Gaul, an Oakland police officer describing the same methods. You know, all you had to do was go down to the office and say, “I want to join the Black Panthers,” and it was like, “OK, fine. They were planning for an assault on the office. Robert King spent 32 years in Angola—29 of them in solitary confinement. And so, from then on, we continued demonstrating, protesting. Nobody even suspected that the FBI was doing this kind of crazy thing, much less murder. “The great strength of the Black Panther Party was its ideals and youthful vigor and enthusiasm,” Calhoun tells us. ALBERT WOODFOX: Well, for me, the horrible conditions, the brutality and the constant murdering and raping of young inmates necessitated that something be done. Eldridge Cleaver was the only person over 17, I think, in the room. But I’m alive. And one of the things that scared J. Edgar Hoover about Fred Hampton was he had the real ability to unite people, besides being an incredible speaker, incredibly bright. But in my space, I was the king. There’s poverty up here, that’s the first thing that we can unite on. So all that happened before I got there. STANLEY NELSON: Well, the Black Panther Party, as it rises and becomes, you know, much more public, there’s much more public attention on it, J. Edgar Hoover now takes notice of the Panthers. It very, very exciting. Our Daily Digest brings Democracy Now! They were the Black Panthers’ house band. We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. The new documentary that has premiered to great acclaim here is called The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution. REPORTER: We’re looking right at the Panther headquarters. AMY GOODMAN: For more, we’re joined now by four former Black Panther Party members who became political prisoners, lived through similar ordeals. But one of the things that happens at the end of Freedom Summer is there’s a shot of Stokely Carmichael—goes down to Alabama and gets on top of that truck or bus or whatever it is, and starts yelling, “Black power! WILLIAM CALHOUN: The great strength of the Black Panther Party was its ideals and its youthful vigor and enthusiasm. Founded in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, the Panthers had a multi-point plan and a savvy command of the fine art of media manipulation. They don’t—nobody’s thinking—I mean, The F.B.I. In that little space that I had, I was the king. This is viewer supported news. JUAN GONZÁLEZ: That’s the trailer for The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution, directed by Stanley Nelson. And there was several hours of shooting back and forth, back and forth. And I said, “We have to notify the press,” and I created a press release. Briean Boddy-Calhoun, a Cleveland Browns cornerback and Wilmington native, purchased 300 tickets so people could see "Black Panther" on Monday. In that little space I had, I was the king. KATHLEEN CLEAVER: In what way? JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And what was the—what was the reaction of the prison officials to your attempt to organize inside? You just came from Oakland, California, where you were at the 50th anniversary discussions, celebration of the founding of the Black Panther Party. My mother had been protesting school segregation in Richmond, Virginia. And they actually get on the floor of the Legislature with guns. Wasn’t this the first SWAT raid? AMY GOODMAN: How did you go from where you came from to be a member of the Black Panther Party? So I knew this very abruptly. But guess what? It was the best thing that ever happened in my life. We have work to do.” We got in John Huggins’ little hooptie car, we drove across the country from New York, and when we got to the West Coast, we joined the Black Panther Party.
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