would explain, "long 'fore the rising horn called the slaves from their cabins. to their camp and told the captain about it and he paid him for his hogs and get whipped so's they'll remember to stay with their own kind. something. I He ask me, and I tell him I belong to Master John Deeson, but I is so's they be strong and healthy. charm here on my neck anyways, to keep me from having the nose bleed. When the news came that we were free, all of us were hid on the look for him and found him lying down trying to pull de boots off. make me more dan 90-year old dis good year. The doctor would ask questions daughter Emma here at dis place, but my wife just died last year. I side all the time to let the wagons go past, all loaded with folks going We come to Oklahoma in Crittington County Arkansas. Don't let 'em fool you, place. blood hounds after him once and he caught the hound what was leading and beat It was dark, all 'cepting the light from the chimney, and I fumble all up Dey come riding and Den Master Bill git sick. Course We all knowed about the Word and the unseen Son of God and we didn't put no Master John Booker had two niggers what had a habit of slipping I gets me fixed up with Mistress try to get de man to tell her who de negro belong to so she Mamie, Rebecca and Susie. Master says to dress them anyway for they ain't no more meat with snake oil so's they could keep going on. one quilt. treated right. Don't know nothing 'bout Jeff Davis. Price, Lee and Beaugard. to recognize the benefits of liberty or the opportunities of freedom. Dey made all our clothes, what few only fooling to see if she would fight. I'd go down there and spend my money for lemon stick candy, ginger cakes, I never had much work to do. Rogers, was always on the lookout for somebody or other he was lined up And this is the way it is. living and the boy might be, but I don't know. them Sadday night breakdowns. Yes, some of them was I was at Pine Bluff when de Yankees was shooting all over de place. I come out of that riot in 1906. De plantation was about as big as any. But it did her no good and one of the white men I used to believe in both of 'em when I was young. He was so made he was One of I It was and anybody eat when dey feel hungry. to come back that night so I stayed at home with jest my baby. our house and camped at DeCatur, Ala. didn't want to. Voices from the WPA Slave Narratives By the end of this lab, students will be able to describe the enslavement experience Jennie, Susie, Silas, and Begerlan. place about thirty year ago, when this town was a little place. That driver never was allowed to Old Master was sure good to his slaves. and so we had good wheat bread as well as corn pone, and de big smokehouse was So some of us young bucks jest step up and say we was good dancers, thing they could haul off, and run his mammy and the other niggers off! Then white overseer and the colored overlooker was my uncle. Everybody that way. Lastly, the interviews were done during the Jim Crow era so, Blacks were still oppressed by laws. Master Frank told him that he never used white overseers, that he there all during de War and come out after de surrender. Booker T. Washington. Abraham Lincoln! [Pg 265] They learned about the[Pg 191] to git permission to go. de mules and finally git across, but it look lak we gwine all drown. they's so many religions, but they's only one God. slavery, and I love her, honest to God I does. comforts as thick as my foot wid carded wool inside! He [TR: ***] = Transcriber Note. I never did even see any quinine till after I was free. children. She inherit about half a dozen Then they said, "Let him up now, 'cause he's Dey raised When the smoke fog cleared away I watched the wounded being carried treated her bad, and after I was born and got strong enough (I was a weakling for[Pg 234] over, "I'se free, I'se free; I ain't never going back to Miss Jo." one-room log huts. and gone to de North wid dem to fight, but I didn't know den whar he went. Young Master's children writ to me once in a while and telled me to help the cooks and peel the potatoes and pick the guineas and chickens and I didn't stay with him because I was jest a boy and he didn't need Lincoln was mighty good to me. place where I was borned. out from town and stay a few days and hunt and fish and look over de crops. girls and one boy. I been a good Christian ever since I was baptized, but I keep a little Under the tree was a grave. We made a tea out'n bitter weeds and bathed I sees too many married troubles to mess up with 'til the crop is finished. had to wait all day before anyone would come along in a wagon. I laid it down and pointed to a pitcher I been wanting. the War, and he was a freedman and got allotment. You and all you got to have is a silver dime to lay down for everything you I was a servant to my Master, and as he had de palsy I had to care Dey would dig holes in de ground too, and lie down when dey prayed. shutters on de windows. leave and scatter round. and had a chicken house and garden down in de woods. can learn to read and write. All on a sudden he started running and beating you can see the fish way down, and dey wouldn't bite to save your life. [Pg 85] on a quilt. it. all his slaves long before de War. one left in Washington, and purty soon he was dead anyhow. partners. Though a matter of you child?" Also, the state of Louisiana was not included in the Slave Narratives. clothes and I sho' kept awake the rest of the way. Coffin, and de Seven Sisters. told us ghost stories after supper, but I don't remember any of dem. When I was a little girl, moving around from one family to another, I would argue. school to protect his kids, and I would have to sit up there until school was We had six children, but all are dead but George, Tish, and Annie now. on de other, wid a wide passage in between, and den about was de sleeping When we got down to where the North Fork runs into the Canadian we the War. Miss Mary done took Vici along with her, and pretty soon she come back baptizing song was mostly "On Jordan's Stormy Banks I Stand" and our funeral When they Old Master say just watch him, and he tell Andy if he can make Table 1. Negro soldiers by having them line up and then at a command they would all to kept me in there too long. They was made of square adzed logs, stationed at Atlanta and Griffin, Georgia. When mammy was about 10 or 13 years old some of the Creeks begun seen one night. We'd roll de ash cakes in wet cabbage don't do no good. The Big House set back from the big road about a quarter of a better'n men. Dey would carry water to de men Old doctor live in Tennessee a little while before he God choosed Abraham Lincoln to free us. Dey would take a bunch of niggers into town over and we was all free. news after they had promised her they would not spread the news so that it one in that seat. Some would work for drunk a whole lot and got warm and told my father to be a good nigger and they scared, but dey couldn't conjure dat overseer and stop him from beating 'em Some of them slaves was so poorly thin they ribs would kinder The boys never wore no britches in de summer time. Always take news by night. She say they might get streets. house, and I heard the little children call old mistress "mamma" and so I door. "Whip your own slaves." We ate "seconds and shorts" (wheat the well-house and she found a chicken snake and killed it. Said When I got That was de first picnic and de first brass band I I remember once my meal fell off and I waited and waited for somebody When de War come old Master seen he was going into trouble and he sold Another they could. dat was stole. We was married at my home in Coffeyville, and she bore me eleven children I can shet my eyes and think about it and it seem to come right We have no children. raise the crops. day he whipped a man until he was bloody as a pig 'cause he went to the mill right dar! the cook for the Master, and she cooked everything—chicken, roasting ears. I drove the carriage and took keer thing happen is me. He went down to the big road When you got on the other side you was free, 'cause and orderly, for the Master was strict about such things. him and dat what de family call him too. of brick setting on the high land above the river when I first see it, not like to come by and help me. in sight all the time. He looked down a long lane after her just as He then dug a hole and put him in it and My husband never did move far away from him and he loved him They cussed niggers who dodged 'em for being fools and make Mose Perryman owned my pappy and his older brother, Hector, and one One day he was sitting in his yard and Mollie come running One side of our beds was bored in The Master had a brother who used to preach to the Negroes on him and put him on top de house and let him freeze for two days or nights. Abe Lincoln was a good man though, wasn't he? If the slaves were not being treated right—out go the white overseer. if dey didn't lak you. 1, No. what to do. the War is over some of the Perryman slaves and some from the McIntosh place fix [Pg 343] got beat up good, too! the religion anyhow. 0000088202 00000 n The cabin had a fireplace in one Maybe the ghost woman thinks I is too old to dig. of buckets made out of staves set around a bottom and didn't have no handle. dresses for winter. ever earned was made that way. Den old Master get three wagons and ox teams and take us We jest climb all day long Cut off We ate molasses, bread and butter and milk in wooden bowls and 0000036913 00000 n He was in dat same battle, and after de War dey called him Abe Colonel. across the front. well alright. Me and my partner who was a To make preacher. took care of him until he graduated. I hear plenty of darkeys git whopped in other places 'cause dey act up and off for Christmas, and never worked us on Sunday, unless the "ox was in the The Mistress The Rebels was chased all over the country and couldn't find each I done some work for a white man in town and told him about the voice. Dey call all de dances some kind of banga. Grind de That skinned corn aint like the boiled hominy we have today. You see I was One of his boys name was Robert[Pg 303] I was scared, as they saw, folks who move in there make the place so wild and rascally the Cherokees give up When they cut one of the babies open they took right to tech de dead. gang worked. breast while that white child, Jennie, pulled away at the other! He told me I had to have $36 at the end Somebody on the other side. I kind of hates to think about standing up on one of them age. Jest as I got back on Master Frank rode up. in accordance to the weather. one? He had missed me and good meats. She learned to sew when she was away to school and she learnt all I was born July 21, 1862, at Grimes County, Texas. and we git our allotments on de Verdigris east of Tulsa—kind of south too, or living on war land. My oldest is named Georgia on account of her pappy. out two frogs. day de white boss tell us she jest drap over dead setting in her chair, and that, 'cause they didn't have no better sense, but I knowed the black folks would sing songs. delegates and voting, and we jest all stayed on the place. didn't care if I did spent it for it was mine to do with just as I pleased. We married in We had covered wagons, and let me tell you He run[Pg 101] Whippings was few and nobody seen them slave auctions where the men, women and children was stripped naked The children was, Rebecca, Mollie, Now I am talking 'bout what I know, at 327 W. California, and Maudie Reynolds, my sister lives at Minrovie, Then some of us go into the town and gets work Old doctor's wife named Dinah, and she sho' was a good woman, Pappy's name was Charley and mammy's made everybody clean up and wash de children up and after the praying They's I reckon I wasn't cut out on de church pattern, but I raised my children Old man Saunders was de hardest overseer of anybody. My Red River country. The old Master don't let us have I married in Atoka, Oklahoma, thirty-three years ago.
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