Replace the phrase "...when the merger takes place between the two companies" with "...when the two companies merge." Indifference or apathy about an issue of importance to the reader, Negative evaluation or judgment of the reader (as opposed to neutral descriptions or observations), Skepticism or doubt about the reader's credibility or the legitimacy of their claims. Familiar language is that which the readers easily recognize and understand because they use it on a regular basis. Very Formal: Exceedingly large segments of the population are expressing their discontent with medical practitioners who appear to more engrossed in amassing financial assets than in providing efficacious care to people with health disorders. You have claimed that you are having some serious personal problems, but even if this is true, you cannot allow it to affect the quality of your work. 4. You do not get along well with John Under what conditions might you want to use these different levels of formality? (2) Student to instructor: "You have confused me so badly with your lectures that I don't know what to do. Notice that any of the three examples could be effective, depending upon the reader, the writer's relationship with the reader, and the situation. A hallmark of effective writers is the ability to express the desired message in as few words as possible. Would other people assign the same value to these words as you did? He doesn't clean up his own messes ", A letter sent to high school students warning them of the risks of an unhealthy diet: Either word might be equally appropriate, depending upon the reader and situation. is best answered with a comparison: "Compared to that Honda, the Acura is expensive. (3) Instructor to student: "I have never had a student who was so confused with this material. (3) certainly As a writer, it is important not only to think about what you say, but how you say it. Notice their double meaning. In both examples above, the language that is used is unfamiliar to the readers. 1. The statements at the bottom, which are more concrete, are less open to multiple interpretations. "Individuals who maintain a diet of high fat content are exposed to an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis, which is a buildup of fat deposits on the inner walls of the arteries. 6 Reasons Why Knowing English Is Important in Today's World. Compared to that Lexus, it is inexpensive.". In actuality, the range of values varies greatly because these terms are relative: they can mean different things to different people in different situations. (4) unlikely An assignment given to a class of business students by their philosophy professor: If something is "probable what percentage of the time does it occur? Consider example two above. To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. Again, analyzing one's audience and purpose is the key to writing effectiveness. Abstract language is vague and obscure, and does not bring to mind specific visual images. He is untidy and unclean A second way to reduce wordiness is to eliminate "filler" words which serve no purpose in the sentence. One must also think about the style, tone and clarity of his/her writing, and adapt these elements to the reading audience. In order to choose the most effective language, the writer must consider the objective of the document, the context in which it is being written, and who will be reading it. It's the Language of Academia. Consider example one above. (3) The practice and theory of politics are studied in the classroom but political habits on campus do not seem to benefit from such labor. In short, it is wise to think carefully about your choice of words and their potential interpretations. Consider the following examples. Concrete language includes descriptions which create tangible images with details the reader can visualize. Notice how much more effective the statements become as the language becomes more specific and concrete. You and John have a lot of arguments Perhaps you should take an easier course from an easier professor. There are several factors that make the English language essential to communication in our current time. As a result, the message loses its impact. Consider the following examples. He leaves his dirty dishes on the kitchen counter, Your relationship with John is unacceptable "The presently assigned paper necessitates an eloquently articulated analysis of the Existentialist perspective as it pertains to contemporary living. Readers are likely to become defensive when the writer's language expresses any or all of the following: (1) Boss to employee: "Your job performance recently has been unacceptable and there are no excuses for it. Notice that these terms can vary widely in the meaning to different people. For example: "Is that Acura an expensive car?" English Is the International Common Tongue. What numerical value would you assign to each of them? This condition can reduce or cut off the flow of blood in the arteries serving the major organs of the body. The statement at the top is abstract, but the statements become increasingly concrete and specific toward the bottom. The best way to use such relative terms, then, is to compare them to something concrete and "known" to the reader. It makes no difference to me.". By using language that is familiar to the reader, the message is likely to have more impact. For this reason, it is important to choose language which is as precise and clear as possible. The use of appropriate language is a tricky matter because the meaning of words is relative and situational. (2) Before making a decision about whether the person on trial is guilty or innocent in this case, the members of the jury should be sure to carefully think about, ponder and reflect on all of the important and relevant testimony in the case. He is a bad roommate If your work doesn't improve, I'll have to replace you with someone else." How could one be more precise in his/her use of these terms? (1) Why the student body should continue in this state of apathy is not really understandable. The formality of the language one uses should match the formality of the situation and the relationship between the writer and reader. Why would these examples create defensiveness in the reader? I don't want to drop out, but I have never been so frustrated with an instructor in my whole life." It's Favored by the Internet and Press. How could you change the use of language to make these examples more constructive? You should adumbrate the points which represent the sine qua non of your analysis. He is lazy and discourteous This can lead to poor health.". (2) Our student body is dull and slack-minded. One of the most important functions of language is to build "homophily" or a sense of commonality with one's readers. This language achieves by encoding and externalising our thoughts… I am considering dropping out and taking the class next quarter from Dr. Johnstone, who can explain the information much more clearly. (1) It is widely discussed by employees that many of them will be forced to change jobs and take on new responsibilities when the merger takes place between the two companies. Good writers, in other words, use language which is straightforward and to-the-point. The statements at the top, which are more abstract, can be interpreted in many possible ways, and leave many questions answered. Constructive language phrases a potentially negative message in a positive way, whereas destructive language directs blame and criticism toward the reader, creating defensiveness.
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