A diagram of the names of God in Athanasius Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus (1652–1654). For example, in Judaism the tetragrammaton is sometimes related to the ancient Hebrew ehyeh ("I will be"). . , In Zoroastrianism, 101 names of God (Pazand Sad-o-yak nam-i-khoda) is a list of names of God (Ahura Mazda). The root Eloah (אלה) is used in poetry and late prose (e.g., the Book of Job) and ending with the masculine plural suffix "-im" ים creating a word like ba`alim ("owner(s)" and adonim ("lord(s), master(s)") that may also indicate a singular identity. Jainism does not teach the dependency on any supreme being for enlightenment.  The general halachic opinion is that this only applies to the sacred Hebrew names of God, not to other euphemistic references; there is a dispute as to whether the word "God" in English or other languages may be erased or whether Jewish law and/or Jewish custom forbids doing so, directly or as a precautionary "fence" about the law. Jains define godliness as the inherent quality of any soul characterizing infinite bliss, infinite power, Perfect knowledge and Perfect peace. The words "God" and "Lord" are written by some Jews as "G-d" and "L-rd" as a way of avoiding writing any name of God in full out. But now used is the vernacular Haneunim (하느님), the traditional Korean name for the God of Heaven. Spelling the letters in יהוה (YHWH) by itself gives יוד הא ואו הא.  "Christ" means "the anointed" in Greek (Χριστός). A common title of God in the Hebrew Bible is Elohim (Hebrew: אלהים).  However, this is put into question by the fact that vowels were only distinguished in the time-period by their very absence due to the lack of explicit vowels in the Hebrew script. This name is used in Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika. Gods can be thus categorized into embodied gods also known as Tīrthankaras and Arihantas or ordinary Kevalis, and non-embodied formless gods who are called Siddhas. , Many Vietnamese Christians also use cognates of Shàngdì (expected to have a distribution in usage similar to Korean Christians, with Anglicans and Catholics using the cognates of Sangje in ritual/ceremonial contexts and Protestants not using it at all), to refer to the biblical God. While many Jews[who?] However, these qualities of a soul are subdued due to karmas of the soul. Sovereignty of God: Is God Really in Control? In conversation, many Jewish people, even when not speaking Hebrew, will call God HaShem (השם), which is Hebrew for "the Name" (this appears in Leviticus 24:11).  Baháʼís believe the Greatest Name of God is "All-Glorious" or Bahá in Arabic. Other Greek transcriptions also indicated that YHWH should be pronounced Yahweh. ", Life of Moses I 75, Life of Moses II 67,99,132,161 in F.H. Korean Orthodox Christians also use Haneunim, but not Sangje or Cheon-ju, and with exception of Anglicans, most Korean Protestants do not use Sangje or Haneunim at all but instead use Hananim (하나님), which stemmed from Pyongan dialect for Haneunim. Included is a link to the scripture verse where the first mention of that name of God occurs along with how many times that name is mentioned throughout the Bible.  By comparison, the nation of Israel struck down efforts to enshrine an allusive reference to God (ב''ה B''H) on its currency in 2002, 2003, and 2009 because the frequency of currency destruction was considered too high. , Korean Catholics also use the Korean cognate of Tiānzhŭ, Cheon-ju (천주), as the primary reference to God in both ritual/ceremonial and vernacular (but mostly ritual/ceremonial) contexts. If an error is made in writing it may not be erased, but a line must be drawn round it to show that it is canceled, and the whole page must be put in a genizah (burial place for scripture) and a new page begun. Participant Handouts for Names and Titles of God 1 List of the Names and Titles of God . Some of the common names for these Deities in Hinduism are: Additionally, most Hindu deities have a collection of 8/12/16/32/100/108/1000/1008 names exclusively dedicated to them known as Namavali. Ye shall not do so unto the Lord your God. The style and form are typical of the mystical tradition, as early theologians began to fuse emerging pre-Enlightenment concepts of classification and organization with religion and alchemy, to shape an artful and perhaps more conceptual view of God. One who achieves this state of soul through right belief, right knowledge and right conduct can be termed as god. The nature of a holy name can be described as either personal or attributive. For instance, names like Ram (pervading), Hari (shining), Parmeshwar (supreme lord), and Jagdish (world lord) refer to Hindu terms, while names like Allah (Arabic for God), Khuda (Persian for God), Rahim (merciful), Karim (generous), and Sahib (lord) are of Muslim origin. It was inherited by the Germanic languages in Gud in modern Scandinavian; God in Frisian, Dutch, and English; and Gott in modern German. Thus, Rishabhanatha was god/Tirthankara but he was not the only Tirthankara; there were many other Tirthankara. In Exodus 6:3, when Moses first spoke with God, God said, "I used to appear to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as El Shaddai, but I did not make myself known to them by my name YHWH. Start studying The 12 Names Of God. Yazidism knows only one eternal God often named Xwedê. When paired with another term for God (e.g. Mandaeism. Here’s a fairly comprehensive list of the names of God grouped according to the chapter classification of names in Names and Titles of God (JesusWalk, 2010), by Dr. Ralph F. Wilson.  In Christian theology the word must be a personal and a proper name of God; hence it cannot be dismissed as mere metaphor. The hyphenated version of the English name ("G-d") can be destroyed, so by writing that form, religious Jews prevent documents in their possession with the unhyphenated form from being destroyed later. , Shàngdì (上帝 pinyin shàng dì, literally 'King Above') is used to refer to the Christian God in the Standard Chinese Union Version of the Bible. Some biblical scholars say YHWH was most likely pronounced Yahweh. God has many different names in the Old Testament.  In the Hebrew Bible (Exodus 3:14), Yahweh, the personal name of God, is revealed directly to Moses. The Book of Mormon ends with "to meet you before the pleasing bar of the great Jehovah, the eternal Judge of both the quick and dead. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am has sent me to you.'" write the name "God" in English, others[who?]  The Divine Names, the classic treatise by Pseudo-Dionysius, defines the scope of traditional understandings in Western traditions such as Hellenic, Christian, Jewish and Islamic theology on the nature and significance of the names of God. info)) is the presence or manifestation of God which has descended to "dwell" among humanity. Maharishi Dayanand in his book Vaghasiya Ayush has listed 100 names of God each representing some property or attribute thereof mentioning “Om or Aum” as God's personal and natural name. Korean Catholics and Anglicans also use a cognate of the Chinese Shàngdì (Sangje 상제), but this has largely fallen out of regular use in favor of Cheon-ju. Among the Nguni peoples of Southern Africa, he is known as Nkosi (roughly glossed as "king"). 439 times); and El (ca. Jains believe that to attain enlightenment and ultimately liberation from all karmic bonding, one must practice the ethical principles not only in thought, but also in words (speech) and action.
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