Brassica oleracea is the scientific name for plants that produce broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, Brussel sprouts and kale.  USDA botanist David Fairchild is credited with introducing kale (and many other crops) to Americans, having brought it back from Croatia, although Fairchild himself disliked cabbages, including kale. The earliest record of cabbages in western Europe is of hard-heading cabbage in the 13th century. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? ©AgrEvo All Rights Reserved. Kale (/keɪl/), or leaf cabbage, belongs to a group of cabbage (Brassica oleracea) cultivars grown for their edible leaves, although some are used as ornamentals.  Kale can become sweeter after a heavy frost..  Records in 14th-century England distinguish between hard-heading cabbage and loose-leaf kale. Kale is grown mainly for autumn and winter harvest, as cold improves its eating quality and flavor. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Kale is grown mainly for autumn and winter harvest, as cold improves its eating quality and flavour; its hardiness permits harvest of fresh greens after most fresh vegetables have become unavailable. An extra-tall variety is known as Jersey kale or cow cabbage. These forms, which were referred to by the Romans as Sabellian kale, are considered to be the ancestors of modern kales. How many eligible voters are registered to vote in the United States? When did organ music become associated with baseball? , Kale contains high levels of polyphenols, such as ferulic acid, with levels varying due to environmental and genetic factors. The leaf colours range from light green to green, to dark green and violet-green, to violet-brown. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The fruits are dry capsules known as siliques. A story is told in which a neighbouring village offered to pay a generous price for some kale seeds, an offer too good to turn down. What is the Strengths of sari sari store? In a long growing season the main stem reaches a height of 60 cm (24 inches) or more.  It is popular on Halloween, when it may be served with sausages. Learn more about the physical and nutritional characteristics of kale. The locals agreed, but a gentle roasting on a shovel over a coal fire ensured that the seeds never germinated. Omissions? The plant may be harvested by cutting off the entire rosette before the stem has elongated, or (especially in areas with long, cool growing periods) the individual lower leaves may be removed progressively as the main stem elongates.
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