Outside of the MREFC account, NSF also requested $30 million for another new agency-wide program dedicated to funding mid-scale research infrastructure costing between $6 million and $20 million.  The public would own the rights to all patents funded by public monies and research monies would be equitably spread across universities. In addition to researchers and research facilities, NSF grants also support science, engineering and mathematics education from pre-K through graduate school. Civilian Research & Development Foundation, United States National Academy of Sciences, "Final 2020 spending bill is kind to U.S. research", "42 U.S. Code Chapter 16 – National Science Foundation", "Science The Endless Frontier – A Report to the President by Vannevar Bush, Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, July 1945", 42 U.S.C. (LockA locked padlock) Despite broad agreement over the principle of federal support for science, working out a consensus how to organize and manage it required five years. It was found that the average person has about 12,000 to 60,000 thoughts per day. With the pandemic disrupting this year’s appropriations process, the Senate has not released any of its counterpart spending proposals, including for NSF. NSF requested $45 million through the MREFC account for a new agency-wide program dedicated to supporting “mid-scale” research infrastructure that costs between $20 million and $70 million. The American Institute of Physics, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit corporation, advances, promotes and serves the physical sciences for the benefit of humanity. In 1960, the NSF's appropriation was $152.7 million and 2,000 grants were made. Kleinman points out that the final NSF bill closely resembles Vannevar Bush's proposals. The foundation started the "Institutional Support Program", a capital funding program designed to build a research infrastructure among U.S. universities; it was the single largest beneficiary of NSF budget growth in the 1960s.  The five-year political debate over the creation of a national scientific agency has become a topic for academic study, and is currently understood from a variety of perspectives. By 1995, with private, commercial market thriving, NSF decommissioned the NSFNET, allowing for public use of the Internet. 1 Physics Ellipse The report also encourages NSF to create the centers in regions where “close collaboration with industry is possible” and encourages the agency to consider establishing centers focused on “trapped ion quantum computing and/or the optics underlying it, superconducting quantum computing, and other promising technologies.”. In addition to the research it funds in specific disciplines, the NSF has launched a number of projects that coordinate the efforts of experts in many disciplines, which often involve collaborations with other U.S. federal agencies. Ruth Shuman joined the National Science Foundation in August 2009 as a SBIR/STTR Program Director. The Magnuson bill was sponsored by Senator Warren Magnuson and drafted by the OSRD, headed by Vannevar Bush. Last updated: 02nd November, 2020. The GRFP provides up to three years of support for the graduate education of individuals who have demonstrated their potential for significant achievements in science and engineering research. We're completely revamping our site and we’re doing it in the open so you can check on our progress. - November 13, 2020, November 12, 2020 This was in response to findings earlier that year, indicating a steep drop in ozone over a period of several years.  His proposals received mixed support. NSF e-Alerts. In 1950 Harry S. Truman signed Public Law 507, or 42 U.S.C. The Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) supports investigator-initiated research in all areas of computer and information science and engineering, fosters broad interdisciplinary collaboration, helps develop and maintain cutting-edge national computing and information infrastructure for research and education, and contributes to the development of a computer and information technology workforce with skills essential for success in the increasingly competitive global market.  In this report, Vannevar Bush, then head of the Office of Scientific Research and Development which ran the Manhattan Project that outlived it, addressed what should be done in the postwar years to further foster government commitment to science and technology. Undergraduates can receive funding through Research Experiences for Undergraduates summer programs. After amendments, the Smith bill made it to President Truman's desk, but it was vetoed. The National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship Program (GRFP) recognizes and supports outstanding graduate students who are pursuing research-based master’s and doctoral degrees in fields within NSF’s mission. The NSF received more than 27,000 proposals and funded more than 12,000 of them in 1983. National Science Foundation (NSF) Contact: Contact the National Science Foundation.  Economist Robert A. Moffit suggests a connection between this proposal and Democratic Senator William Proxmire's Golden Fleece Award series criticizing "frivolous" government spending—Proxmire's first Golden Fleece had been awarded to the NSF in 1975, for granting $84,000 to a social science project investigating why people fall in love. In "Brains and Beakers," scientists share mind-blowing inventions and discoveries and the methodologies behind them with students from Youth Radio's Peabody Award-winning media education program.  Recently, the organization has been focusing on obtaining high return on investment from their spending on scientific research. NSF issued the program’s first 10 awards in September. The director and deputy director are responsible for administration, planning, budgeting and day-to-day operations of the foundation, while the NSB meets six times a year to establish its overall policies. , President Obama requested $7.373 billion for fiscal year 2013. Congress is providing $65 million, and via Senate report language encourages NSF to award at least one project to an institution located in an EPSCoR state.
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