Mobile phone base station tower settings adjacent to school buildings: impact on students' cognitive health. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.13176, 14. Cell towers should be distanced from homes, daycare centers, schools, and places frequented by pregnant women, men who wish to father healthy children, and the young. (2019). doi: 10.3109/15368378.2013.817334, 68. (2014) 70:106–12. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/nov297, 16. Environ Res. doi: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2015.08.001, 50. Of concern is that these analyses included cohort studies with poor exposure classification (20). Bands in FR2 are largely of millimeter wave length, these have a shorter range but a higher available bandwidth than bands in the FR1. 65. New Samsung Galaxy S4 – features and specifications, The role of a gas turbine engine in aircraft. Sci Rep. (2012) 2:312. doi: 10.1038/srep00312, 53. Available online at: https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/about_ntp/trpanel/2018/march/tr596peerdraft.pdf (accessed August 25, 2018). Pall ML. Another example of disparate results from studies of different design focuses on prognosis for patients with gliomas, depending upon cell phone use. 5G wireless telecommunications expansion: public health and environmental implications. 4. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.09.010, 30. The incidence of several brain tumors are increasing at statistically significant rates, according to the 2010–2017 Central Brain Tumor Registry of the U.S. (CBTRUS) dataset (17). (2016) 152:R263–76. Oncol Lett. Radiation is everywhere around us. It’s all because of the heating effect of radiation. Your email address will not be published. We focus here on human health eff… Why use isopropyl rubbing alcohol for cleaning electronics? 81. Evidence of carcinogenicity alone, such as that from the NTP study, should be sufficient to recognize that current exposure limits are inadequate. In contrast, in 2011, an expert working group of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) categorized RFR emitted by cell phones and other WTDs as a Group 2B (“possible”) human carcinogen (7). Ostrom QT, Gittleman H, Truitt G, Boscia A, Kruchko C, Barnholtz-Sloan JS. 4. Whether for personal use or work, wireless devices, such as cell phones, are commonly used around the world, and exposure to radio-frequency radiation (RFR) is widespread, including in public spaces (1, 2). (2007) 115:1–4. Describes the health effects on six men exposed to high levels of RF radiation (100 MHz) while working on transmission masts. Technol Forecast Soc Change. (62) studied the effect of 3G (1.8–2.5 GHz) mobile phone radiation on the reproductive system of male Wistar rats. • Further work should be undertaken to determine the distance that wireless technology antennae should be kept away from humans to ensure acceptable levels of safety, distinguishing among a broad range of sources (e.g., from commercial transmitters to Bluetooth devices), recognizing that exposures fall with the inverse of the square of the distance (The inverse-square law specifies that intensity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source of radiation). doi: 10.1515/reveh-2018-0017. (2006) 16:371–84. Moskowitz JM. (2002) 11:289–95. Neurodevelopment for the first three years following prenatal mobile phone use, radio frequency radiation and lead exposure. But we cannot see all of these radiations. 7. Eur J Neurosci. • Systematic reviews on the topic could use existing databases of research reports, such as the one created by Oceania Radiofrequency Science Advisory Association (79) or EMF Portal (80), to facilitate literature searches. Rev Environ Health. Both reported an increase in the incidence of tumors of the brain and heart in RFR-exposed Sprague-Dawley rats, which are tumors of the same histological type as those observed in some epidemiological studies on cell phone users. How to add a shortcode in WordPress PHP template file? (2017) Available onlilne at: https://ehtrust.org/massachusetts-2017-bills-wireless-health/ (accessed August 25, 2018). doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2869.2002.00314.x, 54. (2017) 156:810–17. Child Dev. RFR exposure occurs in the context of other exposures, both beneficial (e.g., nutrition) and adverse (e.g., toxicants or stress). Huber R, Treyer V, Schuderer J, Berthold T, Buck A, Kuster N, et al. 3. Redmayne M, Smith E, Abramson MJ. 86. Examples include transmitting only in response to a signal (e.g., accessing a router or querying a device, a cordless phone handset being turned on, or voice or motion activation). 9. Compared with an adult male, a cell phone held against the head of a child exposes deeper brain structures to greater radiation doses per unit volume, and the young, thin skull's bone marrow absorbs a roughly 10-fold higher local dose. Update current exposure limits to be protective against the non-thermal effects of RFR. RFR sources should be avoided and distanced from expectant mothers, as recommended by physicians and scientists (babysafeproject.org). The World Health Organization's Global Health Observatory data repository publishes radio frequency radiation (RFR) exposure limits for the general public and for workers. Non–Thermal Effects and Mechanisms of Interaction Between Electromagnetic Fields and Living Matter, Vol. Belyaev I. So, the radio waves are transmitted above us in most cases. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.04.015, 58. ICNIRP Note on Recent Animal Carcinogenesis Studies. In the interim, current knowledge provides justification for governments, public health authorities, and physicians/allied health professionals to warn the population that having a cell phone next to the body is harmful, and to support measures to reduce all exposures to RFR.
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