In one case, heater 18 is the source, whereas in the other case main meter 12 is the water source. 1 is advantageous in that the building owner is able to determine the hot water consumption and cold water consumption for each apartment in the apartment complex. Submetering can encourage conservation and help find leaks that cost you money. More commonly used in new systems are pressurized tanks and supply … The meter is used by the water utility company as a basis for billing the building owner for the total water usage by all the building tenants and cannot be used as a basis for determining individual tenant usage of cold or hot water. In circulation work, the supply is run from the main also, but it is returned by a circulating or return pipe, into the boiler. Conduits 28 are in parallel flow relation. It is not the purpose of this work to take up the consideration of either hot- or cold-water supply in a comprehensive manner. Similarly, each cold water supply conduit 28 contains an ancillary water meter 32 that measures water flow through the respective conduit. FIG. The conditions in very high buildings are of a special nature, often requiring special apparatus. never motionless) there is an indication that one or more of the water consumption devices in the respective apartment is leaking. Under such circumstances, for those floors not reached by direct pressure, a house tank above all fixtures must be provided, into which water must be pumped. Meter 12 is used by the water utility company for the purpose of billing the building owner for total water used by all apartment tenants. In FIG. The pressurized water heated by heater 18 flows into a header 22 that connects with multiple hot water supply conduits 24 leading to individual apartment units 16. 4 shows another water meter assembly that can be used in practice of the invention. 14.3 Hot water and other dual supply systems Dual drinking-water supply systems are those in which two different grades of water are available in separate piping systems. The exterior wall panel 58 has an opening 59 that enables a person to scan the water readout 44. It contains software, memory, and an radio receiver. In such a unit, water flowing from an inlet to an outlet is forced to flow through a rotary impeller. The foregoing, as already stated, is not meant as comprehensive in any way, but is given simply in a suggestive manner, in connection with the general subject of drainage of different classes of buildings. Compression work is not only better many times than Fuller and self-closing work, but it is less expensive. Thus, each kitchen should have its own supply, and each bath room also, each line having a shut-off. 1, the water flow directions are denoted by arrows. Each apartment tenant can be accurately billed for the individual water consumption, without any estimating or guessing on the part of the building owner. pipes would be of sufficient size. dripping faucets or continuously running toilets. The location of a suspect water leak can be ascertained in one or two ways. Kamstrup Encoded Output Meters - If you already have a meter reading system, we can supply the superior Kamstrup ultrasonic water meters with encoded wired output. The chances are that in an apartment such as shown in Plate 34, not more than one fixture in the bath room will be used at any one time, or more than one fixture in the kitchen. 1 system. and 2 1/2 in. The readings can be downloaded to the included PC software for export to a spreadsheet, external accounting software, or utility billing software. Each conduit includes a water meter that enables the owner of the apartment complex to accurately determine the hot water usage and cold water usage of each apartment tenant. If you are building in the cost of water By linking the meter electronic readouts to a computer, it is possible to let the computer make the desired computations and tabulations. Each conduit includes a water meter that enables the owner of the apartment complex to accurately determine the hot water usage and cold water usage of each apartment tenant. Some of the cold water is sent to the central water heater, where it is heated before being distributed to the apartment units. For residence work, boilers of larger capacity than 40 gallons are often required. It is proven that people use less water when metered and they have to account and pay for what they use. The area above dashed line 14 is occupied by individual dwelling units referenced by numeral 16. The first cost of circulation work is greater than that of ordinary work, but if the water is metered and paid for by the cubic foot, it will be found that circulation work generally figures out a good investment. 2, numeral 50 denotes a hot water meter and cold water meter grouping or assembly for one dwelling unit. A method often followed in the use of the large hot-water tank or boiler, is to provide it with steam coils connected to the heating system, by means of which it may be heated in the winter time, a small heater providing heat for it during the summer time. We supply water meters and AMR and AMI equipment for metering and reading your Apartment, Condo, Homeowner Association, or Manufactured Housing Community or Mobile Home Park. Each line of hot- and cold-water supply, and each return pipe should be provided with a metal tag, showing what fixture, or group of fixtures, and what floor it serves. A water supply system for an apartment complex can include individual hot water conduits and cold water conduits for each apartment. For instance, many office buildings, hotels, etc., in the large cities, are of such great height that the pressure on the street mains is not sufficient to force water to the upper floors. We supply water meters and AMR and AMI equipment for metering and reading your Apartment, Condo, Homeowner Association, or Manufactured Housing Community or Mobile Home Park. by pressure-responsive devices, by flow detectors for pipes, cables or tubes; for pipe joints or seals; for valves ; for welds for pipes, GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS, TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC, TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION, With casing, support, protector or static constructional installations, åäº¬æ½è¿è¾åºæºè½ç§ææéå ¬å¸, International Business Machines Corporation, PATENT EXPIRED DUE TO NONPAYMENT OF MAINTENANCE FEES UNDER 37 CFR 1.362, Apparatus for multiple meter installation, Based on Hall flow meter leakage point detection algorithm, Pipe network, with a hierarchical structure, for supplying water or gas and/or for removing industrial water, process for detecting a leak in such a pipe network and process for determining, with the aid of a computer, the operating life theoretically remaining for a renewable power source for at least one flowmeter in such a pipe network, Device for entrying and processing information recorded on counters, Apparatus and method for measuring water quality in a water distribution system, Apparatus for displaying, monitoring and/or controlling shower, bath or sink faucet water parameters with an audio or verbal annunciations or control means, Water use monitoring apparatus and water damage prevention system, Method and system for automatic residual consumption, System for remote transfer and collection of data, in particular from meters, Reader/programmer for two and three wire utility data communications system, Assembling module for sanitary plumbing and method for manufacturing same, Devices and system for channeling and automatic monitoring of fluid flow in fluid distribution systems, Fluid flow measuring method and apparatus, Method, medium, apparatus, and system for sensing events affecting liquid flow in a liquid distribution system, Flow rate measuring apparatus and program thereof, Method and apparatus for the measurement of flow in gas or oil pipes, Encoder-type register for an automatic water meter reader, Leakage identification in supply system and leakage location, Accounting for losses: The bursts and background concept, System to monitor fuel level in a tank, and fuel dispensed from the tank, to determine fuel leakage and theft losses, Leak detection by means of a stochastic mass balance, Assessment of apparent losses in urban water systems, Tracking vibrations in a pipeline network, System and method to communicate flow information between a service distribution line and a destination point, System and method for sharing public resource use in multiple-unit in building, Apparatus, system and method for monitoring, recording and billing for individual fixture and unit water usage in a multi-unit structure, Practical experience in using the Infrastructure Leakage Index, Steam flow rate metering device and metering method therefor, Methods of assessment of water losses in water supply systems: a review, Method for MID measurement of flow rates and MID flow meters, Method and Apparatus for Detecting Leaks in a Building Water System, System for billing individual units of a multi-unit building for water use and for water related energy use, Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees, Information on status: patent discontinuation, Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee.
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